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During the Ottoman Empire, a crucial objective of education was to raise 'excellent Muslims'. Thus there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were combined to form the concrete origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Instruction was passed, replacing the existing, primarily sectarian educational system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), special schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the brand-new Ministry of National Education. Nevertheless, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Professors of Divinity was eliminated.
In contrast to the exclusively secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican Individuals's Party (CHP) religious education was reinstated in 1948. This included the facility of a Professors of Faith at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools started in 1951 under the Democrat Party government, which set up seven special secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools experienced the danger of closure. Following the go back to civilian politics and the introduction of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could only register in university programmes if they had passed courses offered at secular schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were given access to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented two crucial reforms: to start with junior high Imam Hatip schools were abolished, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were renamed as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as professional schools, where students were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for college.
Imam Hatip schools grew gradually at initially, but their numbers broadened quickly to 334 during the 1970s. The coalition federal government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Party), devoted to resume junior highs and providing the right of entry to university through evaluation. 230 new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a duration of almost 4 years. Throughout the 1974-75 academic year the variety of students taking care of the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, women gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is frequently cited as the result of the National Redemption Party's membership of a variety of coalitions with Nationalist Front federal governments.
Circumstance because 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a vital turning point in the history of Turkey and likewise for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools got the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the objective of contributing to the education of children of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had not increased given that, the number of students going to Imam Hatip high schools has increased by 45%. This is partially due to the improvement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education provided at such schools.
Throughout the education year of 1973-74, the total number of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had dramatically increased to reach 511,502. Together with this huge increase in appeal, the number of schools also increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and senior high schools 402. The boost in both student and school numbers can be attributed to factors consisting of the dedication of people to faith, dormitory facilities, scholarships, the admittance of women and a boost in demand for religious education.
Research recommends that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential students registered at Imam Hatip high schools mostly to receive spiritual tutoring alongside a more general education.In addition, research study shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based entirely on the trainee's decision. The third suggested consider the increase in appeal of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, practically 100,000 females participated in Imam Hatip high schools, making up practically half of all students. This fact is especially exposing because ladies are not Click here qualified to become either priests or ministers.
However, the intro of 8 years of compulsory education in 1997 has actually seen a sudden decline in the appeal of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "professional schools" meant that, although more alternatives had actually been made available to graduates, achieving locations at prominent university courses became more difficult.By requiring that all 8 required years of schooling be invested under the same primary-school roofing, intermediate schools were abolished. Children could not get in vocational schools (among them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (rather than the 6th, as prior to).